Category 1: Impromptu Speaking or Extemporaneous Speaking

 (These categories will be performed synchronously/live in the Zoom call)

 

Impromptu Speaking: 

 

When it is their turn to compete, each speaker will be sent three topics in the Zoom chat which may be words, quotations, phrases, statements or some combination of the four. The speaker then has two minutes to prepare, during which time they must keep their camera and their microphone on. They should decide which of the three prompts they will speak on and prepare comments on paper...these may not be typed on their devices. Competitors may sit or stand while preparing, but must remain in full view of the camera of the device they are using.

 

Competitors may make notes, although these may not be used when speaking. Competitors may speak in favour of the topic, against it or about it. They may interpret it within reason. They must, however, deal with the topic that they have been given and not use a previously prepared speech on a barely related theme. Wit, humour, philosophy, sentiment or absurdity, are all equally welcome. Judges will be looking for agility of thought, for "meat on the bones", for organisational ability and, above all, for the ability of each speaker to communicate with style and originality. 

 

Competitors must not be seen to be making use of previously prepared material. If the judges believe that the student has used prepared material, the matter will be referred to the tournament director. When the  two minute preparation period is up, competitors must place any notes they have made behind them. At the end of the speech, the moderator will announce the topic to the judges. This will therefore mean that the speaker must adhere to the topic. Each competitor must speak for 3 to 5 minutes. There will be a time penalty of 2 points for speeches up to 15 seconds under 3 minutes or up to 15 seconds over 5 minutes. There will be a time penalty of 10 points for speeches over 5 minutes and 15 seconds or from 16 to 30 seconds under 3 minutes and a time penalty of 25 points for speeches under 2 minutes and 30 seconds. The speaker may not adopt a persona throughout the speech, but may quote in character at appropriate points. Salutation is optional. They should remain in the breakout room until all competitors have completed their speeches.

 

Extemporaneous Speaking:

 

Each competitor will be assigned a time to report to the Extemporaneous Speaking Lockup Room. They should check the draw provided on the tournament page for their allotted time.

 

When competitors are admitted to the Lockup room at their allotted time, the moderator will share three topics with them and the student must choose one to prepare. Being mindful that this is an international competition, topics will all be based on major international stories covered in news magazines and newspapers during the six months prior to the tournament. Topics will be framed in question form. Students must keep their cameras and microphones on during preparation time, and the student must be in full view of the camera. Competitors may not bring in any research material or information resources, nor will the host school provide any. Their speeches must be based on their own knowledge of the subject. During the speech, a competitor may refer only to notes prepared during the preparation period. These notes must be on a 3 x 5 index card, and both sides may be used. The card will be provided by the host school. The speaker will have 3 to 6 minutes to speak. 

 

There will be a time penalty of 2 points for speeches which are up to 30 seconds under 3 minutes or up to 30 seconds over 6 minutes. There will be a time penalty of 10 points for speeches under 2 minutes 30 seconds or over 6 minutes and 30 seconds. The extemporaneous topic will be read out aloud at the end of the presentation by the moderator. Salutation is optional. 

 

They should remain in the competition breakout room until all other competitors have completed their speeches.

 

Category 2: Parliamentary Debating or Radio Newscast

 (These categories will be performed synchronously/live in the Zoom call)

 

Parliamentary Debating:

 

The announcement of the resolutions will be made in the General Assembly Room at the appointed time on the schedule. The debates will be impromptu, coordinate debates in parliamentary style. Competitors should check the online draw on the day of the event to determine which breakout room they have been assigned to, which side of the motion they will be debating, and who their partner will be. 

 

Students will then move to their breakout rooms for preparation. Each team will consist of two debaters who have been paired randomly. Different topics will be used for each round. During the preliminary rounds, each debater will debate once on Side Government and once on Side Opposition. 

 

Government teams will prepare in the breakout rooms allocated for each debate. The Opposition teams will prepare in a separate breakout room. Cameras and microphones should be on throughout the preparation period.  After 5 minutes the Government side will give their definitions to Side Opposition by leaving their own breakout room and quickly entering the opposition preparation room. The resolution must be interpreted in a reasonable manner which reflects the spirit of the resolution. If the opposition feels that the government definition is undebatable, it must appeal to the tournament director, whose decision is final. The definition may not be changed or challenged during the debate. 

 

Cameras should be kept on for all competitors for the entirety of the debate unless a student is having difficulty with connectivity.
 

The length and order of speeches are as follows:

 

Prime Minister: 5 minutes 

First Opposition: Speaker 8 minutes 

Minister of the Crown: 8 minutes 

Leader of the Opposition: 8 minutes 

Prime Minister’s Rebuttal: 3 minutes 

 

Fifteen seconds grace will be allowed for each debater, after which the Speaker shall terminate his speech. There is no minimum time for speeches, nor are there any time penalties. Since different parts of the world have different debating traditions, quibbling over rules is not encouraged. Debaters are advised to debate the resolutions and not the rules. The results of the debate will be based entirely upon speaker’s points. Win/loss records are irrelevant. Debaters will have a different partner for each of the two preliminary rounds. Competitors may not bring in any information resources, nor will the host school provide any. Speeches must be based on their knowledge of the subject. Parliamentary Interruptions Permitted Points of Information may be made in the central part of a speaker's main speech, but not in the first or last minute. Students should attempt to offer one and to receive one POI. Points of Information may not be made during summary speeches. Either member of the team that is not speaking may offer a Point of Information at any time in the permitted period. To do so, they will unmute themselves and say "On a Point of Information." They may also raise a virtual hand or type POI in the chat. The person who is giving their speech is free to accept or to decline the Point of Information. Whichever may be the case, they would normally complete their current sentence before revealing the decision. If they wish not to accept it, they may say "No thank you", or "Declined", or may indicate with a suitably polite gesture that the person offering the Point should sit down. If they wish to accept it, then this should be indicated with the words "Accepted" or "Yes please" or "Go ahead." At the conclusion of the debate, judges may provide some verbal feedback, and then students should return to the main meeting room. 

 

Radio Newscast:

 

Each competitor will be assigned a time to report to the Radio Newscast Lockup Room. They should check the draw provided on the tournament page for their allotted time. When they enter the lockup room, the moderator will share a digital copy of the newspaper to be used for the round. Competitors will need to show the moderator that their note paper is blank and contains no prepared notes.

 

Competitors then have 30 minutes to prepare an original four (4) minute ‘top of the hour’ radio news broadcast using the material they have been provided with. They may make notes on paper but must NOT use any prepared material. After the 30 minutes of preparation time, competitors will move themselves to their assigned competition room for the round, which will be found on the draw. 

 

Judging will be on the basis of the selection of news, clarity of presentation, originality, use of voice, credibility and adherence to time. All competitors in a given round are furnished with identical material. The judges in each room will also be given a digital copy of the newspaper that the students have been given. A focus of this category is the synthesis of news presented with an appropriately modulated voice or voices. It should not just be a comedy routine, although speakers may choose to present multiple voices for effect or humour. No part of the manuscript may be prepared in advance, and the competitor may not cut and paste sections of the newspaper into his or her manuscript. Weather reports, sports news, interviews and editorials are acceptable, at the student’s discretion and provided that they are based on the material found in the paper. No advertisements are permitted. 

 

The competitor may elect to deliver the news in one or several voices, provided that a full and appropriate selection of news is delivered. Radio stations must be plausible but need not actually exist. The newscast should be appropriate for the station selected. No eye contact is expected between the competitor and the judges, since this is a radio newscast. The judges may choose to sit with their backs to the competitor. Each competitor must speak for 4 minutes. There will be a time penalty of 10 points for speeches under 3 minutes and 45 seconds or over 4 minutes and 15 seconds. There will be a time penalty of 25 points for speeches under 3 minutes and 30 seconds or over 4 minutes and 30 seconds. Salutation is optional. 

 

Category 3: Persuasive Speaking or After Dinner Speaking

 These categories will be performed asynchronously and a link to the video must be submitted via Google Form by 6:00p.m. AST on February, 25, 2022  -  See instructions in ONLINE PROTOCOLS page

 

Persuasive Speaking:

 

Persuasive Speeches will be judged asynchronously and will need to be recorded by students ahead of the actual tournament. The link to the video file must be submitted by Google Form by 6:00p.m. AST on February, 25, 2022.

 

Students must remember to change the permissions on the shared file to “anyone with the link can view”. Please see the separate video submission guideline for more specific instructions.

 

This speech is designed to persuade and must be on a serious topic, although this does not mean that humour and wit might not be useful at points in the speech. A problem/solution approach must be taken, i.e. speakers must identify a problem (it need not be an earth-shattering one) and propose, or at least examine, one or more solutions to it. 

 

Speeches should be prepared beforehand and should be from 7 to 13 minutes in length. Props may not be used. If notes are used, only both sides of a single 3 x 5 inch index card of notes is allowed, although competitors should bear in mind the fact that judges tend to be more impressed by speakers who do not use notes. 

 

There must be a persuasive element to the speech, although this may take a number of forms. For example, the persuasive aspect might be in convincing the audience that a problem does in fact exist, or in convincing them of the causes of the problem, or that the speaker’s proposed solution will solve the problem. There will be a time penalty of 2 points for speeches which are up to 30 seconds under 7 minutes or up to 30 seconds over 13 minutes. There will be a time penalty of 10 points for speeches under 6 minutes and 30 seconds or over 13 minutes and 30 seconds. Salutation is optional.

 

After-Dinner Speaking:

 

After-Dinner speeches will be judged asynchronously and will need to be recorded by students ahead of the actual tournament. The link to the video file must be submitted by Google Form by 6:00p.m. AST on February, 25, 2022.

 

Students must remember to change the permissions on the shared file to “anyone with the link can view”. Please see the separate video submission guideline for more specific instructions.

 

An After-Dinner speech will be the kind of speech that is given after a formal dinner to an audience who has a common interest or share some aspect(s) of identity, employment or character (e.g. the left-handed society or the dental association). 

 

This category includes the kind of speech given at a convention, e.g. by the Chairman or sales manager of a firm or specialised group, reviewing the practices, policies or employees of that firm or group. The speaker must address an imaginary audience of his/her own choosing. He/she must deliver some new and relevant insights to them in a way designed to inform and entertain. An after-dinner speech must not be just a stand-up comedy routine. Although not necessarily human, both speaker and audience must be credibly capable of communication through speech: i.e. they may be vampires or aliens, for example, but they may not be animals. The only exception to this rule is that the speaker and/or audience may be animals if they are derived from books, films or plays/musicals in which they already have the power of speech - e.g. characters from ‘Animal Farm’. 

 

No props may be used. The speaker may ask the chairman to announce who is being addressed immediately before he/she delivers the speech. In that case, a brief and suitable form of words must be provided. Otherwise the speaker will identify the audience in the opening lines of the speech. 

 

Notes must be limited to both sides of one 3 x 5 inch card, and should be used as little as possible. Each competitor must speak for 6 minutes, with a grace period of 1 minute on either side. There will be a time penalty of 2 points for speeches which are up to 30 seconds under 5 minutes or up to 30 seconds over 7 minutes. There will be a time penalty of 10 points for speeches under 4 minutes and 30 seconds or over 7 minutes and 30 seconds. Salutation is optional if the chairman has identified the audience before the speech begins.

 

Category 4: Dramatic Interpretation or Interpretive Reading or Cross-examination Debating

 

The Dramatic Interpretation and Interpretive Reading categories will be performed asynchronously and a link to the video must be submitted via Google Form by 6:00p.m. AST on February, 25, 2022  -  See instructions in ONLINE PROTOCOLS page

CROSS EXAMINATION TOPIC: In recognition of some of the more current debates in the public domain of several states over the past year(s), the Cross Examination Topic is: 

Should governments pay monetary reparations to marginalized people who have been harmed by government policies of the past?

 

The Cross-examination Debating category will be performed synchronously/live in the Zoom call.

 

Dramatic Interpretation:

 

The Dramatic Interpretation monologues will be judged asynchronously and will need to be recorded by students ahead of the actual tournament. The link to the video file must be submitted by Google Form by 6:00p.m. AST on February, 25, 2022.

 

Students must remember to change the permissions on the shared file to “anyone with the link can view”. Please see the separate video submission guideline for more specific instructions.

 

This is a memorised selection chosen from plays which are of literary merit and which have been published. In rare cases the selection may be from short stories, novels or essays of literary merit. A simple costume and one prop are permitted but are not mandatory. Items of furniture (i.e. chairs or desks) are not counted as a prop. Music will not be permitted.  Students should select a blank background where possible. The time limits are from 5 to 12 minutes, including a brief introduction of 30 to 60 seconds. The introduction should give the background of the author and the work, and some indication of the particular interest or appeal of the selection. There will be a time penalty of 2 points for presentations which are up to 30 seconds under 5 minutes or up to 30 seconds over 12 minutes. There will be a time penalty of 10 points for presentations under 4 minutes and 30 seconds or over 12 minutes and 30 seconds. Salutation is optional.


 

Interpretive Reading:

 

The interpretive readings will be judged asynchronously and will need to be recorded by students ahead of the actual tournament. The link to the video file must be submitted by Google Form by 6:00p.m. AST on February, 25, 2022.

 

Students must remember to change the permissions on the shared file to “anyone with the link can view”. Please see the separate video submission guideline for more specific instructions.

 

Each participant should read, not recite, a passage of prose or poetry (or a collection of poems), serious or humorous, with an appropriate brief introduction. Published speeches may not be used unless the speeches are part of a novel or published fictional story. Plays or excerpts from plays may not be used. The intent is to get students to engage with works of literary merit. Newspaper articles, blogs, and student work, although arguably of literary merit, may not be used. 

 

If you are at all uncertain, check with the organizer well before the tournament, rather than risking your reading being disqualified. The piece or collection of pieces must be selected by the competitor before the tournament and must have been published. Past efforts have included everything from Dr. Seuss to Maya Angelou. Reading from an e-book or tablet is allowed. You may not read from your computer screen. 

 

The time limits are from 5 to 11 minutes, including an introduction of about 30 to 60 seconds. The introduction should contribute to the overall effectiveness of the reading. Judges will be concerned with how much the reader’s voice and presentation add to the material rather than with the talent of the author. Please note that this is a reading, not a dramatic presentation. While the use of facial expressions and gestures is encouraged where appropriate, they should not distract from the primary emphasis in this category. Competitors may stand or sit but should not move around excessively. Neither props nor costumes may be used. 

 

There will be a time penalty of 2 points for speeches which are up to 30 seconds under 5 minutes or up to 30 seconds over 11 minutes. There will be a time penalty of 10 points for speeches under 4 minutes and 30 seconds or over 11 minutes and 30 seconds. Salutation is optional. Competitors would normally present the same reading for both preliminary rounds and the final. 


 

Cross-Examination Debating:

 (This category will be performed synchronously/live in the Zoom call)

 

As this is a prepared event, competitors will move straight to their debate room at the assigned time on the draw. Competitors must check the draw to see if they are debating on Side Affirmative or Side Negative.

 

Order of speaking: 

1st Affirmative (6 minutes) followed by Cross-ex by 2nd Negative (3 minutes)

1st Negative (6 minutes) followed by Cross-ex by 1st Affirmative (3 minutes) 

2nd Affirmative  (6 minutes) followed by Cross-ex by 1st Negative (3 minutes)

2nd Negative (6 minutes) followed by Cross-ex by 2nd Affirmative (3 minutes)

 

Intermission (3 minutes) 

 

Rebuttals (3 minutes each):

 

1st Negative 

1st Affirmative 

2nd Negative 

2nd Affirmative

 

 

Each constructive speaker is granted a 30 second grace period to finish his/her speech after the allotted time has expired. Judges will disregard anything said after the expiration of the grace period. Cross-examinations. 3 minutes each. The cross-examiner must stop speaking as soon as the time expires. 

 

If a question has been asked, but the time allotted expires before the respondent is able to answer it, or to complete an answer, the respondent may choose whether to answer it. If an answer is attempted, it may continue briefly beyond the time. Rebuttals. 3 minutes each. These speeches must end when time expires. There is no grace period. Judges will disregard anything said after time expires.